"The fundamental principle of scientific pedagogy must be, indeed, the liberty of the pupil..." Maria Montessori, The Montessori Method, p. 28, Schocken Books, 1964.
"Today we hold the pupils in school, restricted by those instruments so degrading to body and spirit, the desk-- and material prizes and punishments. Our aim in all this is to reduce them to the discipline of immobility and silence,-- to lead them, --where? Far too often toward no definite end." Maria Montessori, p. 26, The Montessori Method, Schocken Books, 1964.